Unfortunately, frequent companions of modern life are stress and overwork. The whirlwind of life requires us to be ready to confront the domestic turmoil, problems at work. When there are too many negative factors, a constant sense of approaching danger and threat can arise. This feeling is called anxiety, it can be a symptom of a disease, then doctors talk about anxiety. A person with anxiety can call his state of mind uneasy, rebellious. People become restless, expecting some kind of danger, although they may not know what form it will take or where to expect it from. In some cases, anxiety can lead to dizziness, excessive sweating, rapid heartbeat, fainting, and gastrointestinal disorders. Psychiatrists and psychologists sometimes use the term frustration to this state.
Causes of anxiety
The causes of anxiety can be external circumstances (examinations, problems in the family, in professional activities, changing the way of life, overwork, etc.). So often happens in healthy people, their anxiety in this case has a reasonable explanation and goes away with solving the problem. However, there are people who are subject to anxiety regardless of the external situation or are in the habit of overexciting for the most insignificant reason. Many scientists believe that such a reaction is genetically inherited and inherited. Some psychologists tend to believe that the causes of excessive anxiety lie in improperly constructed relationships with relatives in early childhood, or the propensity for anxious reactions arises from internal conflicts (most often associated with self-esteem).
Diseases accompanied by anxiety
Anxiety is observed in many diseases, and not only mental illnesses. For example, with hyperthyroidism, with hormonal disturbances in the menopausal period in women, as well as a sudden anxiety may be a harbinger of a beginning myocardial infarction, a drop in blood sugar in diabetes.
Almost all mental illnesses cause anxiety at one or another stage. For example, in schizophrenia, it can be observed in the prodromal period or be a sign of an approaching exacerbation. Various neuroses often begin with an increased level of anxiety. With an abstinence syndrome, the alcoholic or drug addict is strongly affected by this symptom.
Often anxiety is combined with phobias (fears), sleep disturbance, mood reduction, irritability, and sometimes with hallucinations or delirium.
At what else diseases there is an anxiety:
– Reactive idiopathic hypoglycaemia
– Hypertension thyrotoxic
– Cardiogenic pulmonary edema
– Abstinence syndrome
– Bacterial meningitis
– Parkinson’s disease
– Chagas disease
– Hemorrhagic form of dengue fever
– Rett syndrome
– Myocardial infarction
– Alcoholic and narcotic intoxication
What kind of doctor should I use when I have anxiety?
If the state of an unexplained anxiety disturbs a person for several days, it is advisable to consult a doctor. You can begin with a visit to the therapist, especially if there are any complaints about your health. Be ready to take a blood test, urine, make an ECG, this is necessary to find out the general condition of the body, especially if you have not visited the polyclinic for a long time. If necessary, the therapist sends the patient with anxiety to a consultation of an endocrinologist or neurologist. These specialists can prescribe additional examinations – the endocrinologist, for example, suggests making an ultrasound of the thyroid gland or donating blood to those or other hormones, and a neuropathologist can prescribe an electroencephalogram to get an idea of the functioning of the brain. If the examination in the clinic does not reveal the pathology of the internal organs, it may be necessary to consult a psychiatrist or a psychotherapist to determine the causes of anxiety.
Immediately need to visit a specialist if anxiety is accompanied by a reduced mood, there are hallucinations or the person behaves inadequately. In this case, it will be right to visit a psychiatrist immediately. Do not postpone the visit to the clinic if the symptom of anxiety is accompanied by loss of consciousness (at least once), or there is tremor (trembling), cold sweat, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate. If these signs are more pronounced, it is better to call an ambulance team. The danger of underestimating anxiety is that you can skip the onset of life threatening conditions – myocardial infarction, hypoglycemic coma, or the development of a psychotic state – when the patient is unable to reliably estimate reality and his behavior may pose a threat to others and himself.
The combination of anxiety with a depressed mood can signal a depression that, when heavier, often leads to suicide.
How to get rid of anxiety (symptomatic treatment)
Meanwhile, anxiety itself is quite easy to treat. Basically, tranquilizers are used (for example, phenazepam, relanium, rudotel, mezapam and others). These drugs reduce the patient’s anxiety. Some also have hypnotic effects, which allows them to be used to treat insomnia (it often accompanies anxiety), but when taking such tranquilizers, you can not drive vehicles and do work that requires a high degree of attention and concentration. If it is important for the patient, it is necessary to discuss with the doctor the possibility of prescribing the so-called “daytime tranquilizers” – they act on the symptoms of anxiety without causing drowsiness. These drugs include a rudotel, grandaxin.
In addition, the psychiatrist can prescribe a means of influencing the mood – antidepressants (for example, prozac or fevarin, atarax), but with signs of a psychotic state or pronounced irritability and neuroleptics (sonapax, rispolept, haloperidol and others).
The therapist will help the patient learn the methods of auto-training or breathing practices that can be used for an approaching alarm.
Traditional medicine offers a rich assortment of soothing herbal remedies, including melissa, mint, tansy, valerian, motherwort and many other medicinal plants. Their use is unlikely to cause any significant complications, but to wait for a quick and qualitative result from the use of only herbal preparations is not necessary. As an adjunct to the treatment of anxiety, medicinal herbs can be beneficial. Treatment solely with folk medicine and refusal to help a specialist is fraught with dangerous complications of the condition. As mentioned above, you can skip the onset of serious illnesses, but even if it is only an isolated symptom of anxiety, a long-term state of anxiety without proper treatment can lead to a chronic anxiety disorder or to the development of an anxiety neurosis, not to mention a significant decrease in quality life of the patient.
Careful attitude to your health is the best prevention of all ailments.